Every day we move a lot or doing sports. Sometimes we have to walk on an uneven and bad road and this can lead to injuries. A person can get a bruise, a sprain or a fracture. Some of the types of these bruises can be frivolous and some can lead to serious consequences and pain, so the patient should consult a trauma doctor.
The legs work synchronously to provide support for the body, so they get a big load on the bones and muscles. There are cases when the distribution of the load from the body is wrong or abrupt. In this case, the joints and bones do not have time to regroup and there are dislocations or fractures.
Identifying Sprain, Strain and Fracture
Fracture can appear due to many different causes – bruise, shock, stress, poor nutrition with a lack of calcium and incorrect lifestyle. There are several types of fractures, because a person has a lot of bones and small bones split more difficult than bigger. Big bones on the foot often get cracks rather than break completely. The patient feels terrible pain and requires immediate medical attention.
Fracture of the leg can be divided into two types, open and closed. A closed fracture damages the bone and surrounding tendons, ligaments and muscles. Symptoms with this fracture may not appear immediately and then appear on increasing, a person feels terrible pain when he continues to walk and move. Over time, the pain becomes unbearable and the patient needs rest and lying position. Contusions and fractures can be on the leg or foot, when the bone splits or breaks with a shift. The place of fracture on the foot begins to swell and change color to dark, painful sees external change and feels aching pain.
Ways to Treat Foot Sprain
Mnemonic device RICE is the easiest way to understand if you have stretching on your leg, foot or ankle.
You can not do any movement if you get a sprain or bruise. Ask your friend or colleague to take you to a medical center or to the house. A person with stretching should lie down and rest, so as not to make a load on the damaged place.
Take the ice pack and attach it to the injured leg. Ice will help to relieve swelling; this procedure is suitable for stretching and bruising. Fracture must be treated by applying gypsum; ice will low the pain.
To prevent a damaged leg from getting more injuries, you need to use an elastic bandage. Wrap the damaged area with an elastic bandage tightly but not very strong. Your leg should breathe and be fixed, but too tight a bandage can disrupt the circulation of the blood.
A man with an ankle or leg dislocated should have it higher than his body. This is necessary in order to remove blood circulation from the damaged area of the skin and reduce swelling. You can lie on the bed and put an ankle or a damaged leg on 1-2 pillows.
Ways to Treat Foot Strain
If you have a mild stretch but you have pain at the area of a bruise, then take painkiller pills. Ibuprofen and Paracetamol will help to remove swelling and remove pain.
Methods of treatment of fracture
Fractures of the legs are treated with medical intervention, sometimes a surgeon’s help is required. Doctors use tires and gypsum to fix a broken leg, this will allow you not to move a broken area. It should be worn from 6-8 weeks; it depends on the degree of complexity of the fracture. If the fracture is on the foot, then you need to wear safety shoes.
If the fracture is very complicated and the surgeon needs help, the doctor will perform the operation. During the operation, dies, fasteners and plates are used in the bone. This is necessary for the broken bone to be fused better and properly. A sick person should follow the doctor’s recommendations so that the fracture quickly and correctly heals. To not load a broken leg with your weight, you need to use crutches. This will help to relieve the strain on the fracture and the legs will be able to recover faster.
Points to Note
Symptoms of dislocations fracture and sprains are very similar, so a person with leg injuries should show it to a specialist. There may be a strong degree of fracture on the leg and the injured person may need surgical intervention. Do not pull your leg or try to align the bone yourself, you can do harm. Many people think that the damaged skin area needs to be massaged, but this opinion is mistaken. Massaging can damage soft tissues and cause swelling or bleeding. It is best to show your leg to a specialist and follow his further instructions.
If you got a leg injury then you do not need to ignore the advice of a doctor. You need to remove pressure from your feet, so try to stay in bed and rest more. You can not stand and step on a sore leg; you do not mow it, but create additional pressure and reduce the likelihood of rapid healing. Some leg injuries can recover from 2 to 6 months and then they need rehabilitation. It is necessary to have a healthy leg after a bruise or fracture started to move and warm up. It is worth remembering that the minimum load on the fracture area must be done after it has recovered. In the process of recovery, the bone and muscles begin to heal and any load breaks and stretches them again.
You can begin to move and walk when the pain has left the place of fracture or stretching. Crutches are no longer needed; a bandage or gypsum is still on the leg. In this case, the pain goes away and that place begins to heal. The bandage and gypsum are removed only by the advice of a doctor. Physical exercise and walking with a sick leg need to start gradually, increasing the walking time and the load level. This should be done until you will not feel pain or discomfort in the place where there was a bruise, fracture or stretching.